دور المياه في الصناعات النفطية والكيمياوية في محافظة البصرة: دراسة في جغرافية الصناعة - محمد علي جبر المساعد - أطروحة دكتوراه 2020م

 دور المياه في الصناعات النفطية والكيمياوية  في محافظة البصرة
دراسة في جغرافية الصناعة




أطروحة يقدمها الطالب

محمد علي جبر المساعد

إلى مجلس كلية التربية للعلوم الإنسانية جامعة البصرة -

وهي جزء من متطلبات نيل درجة الدكتوراه فلسفة

في الجغرافية



بإشراف

 الأستاذ الدكتورة

كفاية عبد الله عبد العباس العلي

1442هـ - 2020م

دور المياه في الصناعات النفطية والكيمياوية في محافظة البصرة: دراسة في جغرافية الصناعة - محمد علي جبر المساعد - أطروحة دكتوراه 2020م



The Role of Water in Petroleum and Chemical Industries in Basra Governorate
(A study in the geography of industry)



A thesis submitted by

Mohammad Ali Jaber almsaeed

A Dissertation Submitted to the Council of College of Education for Human Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor OF Philosophy in Geography


Supervised by:

PROF. DR. 
KIFAYAH ABDULLAH ABDULABBAS AL-ALI


2020 A.D - 1442 A.H


Abstract 

  The great industrial growth in the oil and chemical industries and the desire to provide additional sources of energy creates additional pressure on the sources of fresh water, and if we know that the oil and chemical industry is one of the industries that consume large quantities of water, then it has become necessary for a place to research and study this problem, know its dimensions and develop solutions The study problem was summarized by four questions: What is the role of water in the oil and chemical industry in Basra Governorate? What are the most important stages in which the oil and chemical industry depends on water? And are the water resources in Basra Governorate able to supply the oil and chemical industry with its basic requirements of water? Are there alternatives to the current water resources for use in the oil and chemical industries in Basra Governorate?.

  The study aims to try to uncover how the role and use of water in the oil and chemical industry in Basra Governorate and its future prospects, to know the most important water pumping stations for the oil and chemical industries, their geographical distribution and classification, to know the most important stages in which water enters as a basic factor in the oil and chemical industry, and to know the quantities of production and whether they are proportionate Directly with water consumption, the study relied on a set of research methods, including: the historical approach, the descriptive approach: to shed light on the nature of industrial processes and industrial stages, and the systematic approach: through choosing one industrial branch represented by the oil and chemical industries.

   The study dealt with the historical development of the oil and chemical industries in Basra Governorate. The study also dealt with methods of water treatment and its uses in the oil and chemical industries. The study also dealt with the geographical distribution of water pumping stations in the oil and chemical industries in Basra Governorate. The study also dealt with the classification of water pumping stations in Basra Petroleum and chemical industries in Basra Governorate. The study also addressed future prospects for using water in the oil and chemical industries. 

   The study found a set of results. The forties of the last century witnessed the start of extractive oil production in Basra Governorate, with the start of production in the Zubair oil field in 1949, and the beginning of the fifties of the last century witnessed the start of transformational oil production by establishing the first refinery in Basra Governorate, represented by the Muftiya Refinery. In 1953, it also concluded that the (extractive) oil industry did not require at the beginning of its establishment large quantities of water - except for the use of water in the drilling of oil wells and ancillary services - and the need for water use in it increases after the continuation of production and the pressure of oil reservoirs decreased to the degree that it depends In it, the amount of production is based on the amount of water injected into the oil field to continue the production process. 

   And that there is a link between the start of the petroleum-transformative industry and the chemical industries and the use of water in it, because water is used as a raw material in many chemical industries, such as the manufacture of various acids or the chemical analysis industry, etc. The emergence of this industry and the use of water in it. 

  The study also found that there are three stages of treatment that water passes through to become suitable for industrial transformative uses, namely the primary treatment stage, the desalination stage -R.O or reverse osmosis units - and the ionic treatment stage of industrial water, and there is a direct relationship between production and the amount of water used in the manufacture of industrial processes.



تحميل الأطروحة











دور المياه في الصناعات النفطية والكيمياوية في محافظة البصرة: دراسة في جغرافية الصناعة - محمد علي جبر المساعد - أطروحة دكتوراه 2020م
كوكب الجغرافيا

تعليقات

ليست هناك تعليقات
إرسال تعليق
    google-playkhamsatmostaqltradent