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التركيب المحصولي في محافظة المثنى - سعاد عبد الله فضيح - رسالة ماجستير 2013م

التركيب المحصولي في محافظة المثنى

رسالة تقدمت بها

سعاد عبد الله فضيح


مجلس كلية التربية للعلوم الإنسانية جامعة البصرة

وهي جزء من متطلبات نيل درجة الماجستير

في الجغرافية


الأستاذ الدكتور

محمد رمضان محمد

1434هـ - 2013م



A Dissertation Submitted to the Council of the College of Education in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement of the master Degree in Geography

Su’add Abdullah Fdhayih

Supervised by
Muhammad Ramadhan Muhammad
Prof. (Ph.D.)

2013 A.C. 1434 A.H.


  Muthana Governorate has got so many agricultural potentials that it can be an area of crops that match with the geographical features on the one hand and respond to an integral part of the local market needs with reference to foods and ingredients on the other. This study aims at shedding some light on the geographical potentials the governorate, in question, has with reference to crops; identifying the features of each crop, and showing the value of the crops as far as Iraq is concerned. This study is also heading to trace the changes the crops undergo across the special shifts or trends.

  To fulfill the aims mentioned above, the research worker divides her study into four chapters as well as an introduction and a conclusion. Chapter One is on the characteristics of the crops grown in the Governorate of Muthana. Chapter Two deals with the natural and human resources of the crops. Chapter Three focuses on the geographical crops and Chapter Four sheds the light on productive potentials of each crop.

   The production of the crops of the years 2003-4 through 2010-11 was of relative stability. For example, the groups of crops were 5-6 in number. These groups included (29) grains that covered the greatest part of the cultivated fields ( 86.89 %) whereas fruits and dates ranked the second ( 6.62 %). The rest of rates were represented by three groups ( 3.69% , 2.5 , and 0.31 ) . The winter crops were almost dominating ( 90/31 % - 82.7 % ) with reference to the cultivated areas. The crops that people fed on directly were given a high percentage ( 58.6 %). The forage is given the complementing percentage (51.62 %). The season in question was lacking the crops that could be used as raw material in certain national industries.

  The crops have witnessed several changes or shifts during the last decades due to the changing circumstances the governorate went through. The shifts in production were of various spatial indexes. These crops could fall into two varieties the first of which included ( 9 )crops that proved to be of a positive index of values between ( 19.970 – 399.266% ) whereas he second variety included ( 3 )crops but of a negative index of values between ( - 1302.297 – 33.257 ).

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