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تفتت ملكيات الأراضي الزراعية : أسبابها و نتائجها الاقتصادية و الاجتماعية في قرى شمال شرق و شمال غرب محافظة رام الله و البيرة : دراسة مقارنة

تفتت ملكيات الأراضي الزراعية

أسبابها و نتائجها الاقتصادية و الاجتماعية
في قرى شمال شرق و شمال غرب محافظة رام الله و البيرة

دراسة مقارنة في الجغرافيا التطبيقية 

Fragmentation of agricultural land properties : its causes and its social and economic consequences in the villages of Northeast and Northwest of Ramallah and Al-Bireh governate : a comparison study in applied geography


إعداد الطالبة

غدير سميح حسن النوباني


إشراف

د. عثمان شركس


قدمت هذه الرسالة استكمالاً لمتطلبات نيل درجة الماجستير في الجغرافيا

من كلية الدراسات العليا جامعة بيرزيت - فلسطين


2017



Abstract

  This study aims to identify the main reasons behind the problem of the disintegration of the possession of farmlands and assess the resultant social and economic problems, in addition to specifying the differences in factors causing this disintegration, then provide initiatives to reduce the negative effects resulting from that. The zone of the study is a sample of villages of North-West and North-East of Ramallah. The purpose is to hold a comparison between these villages due to similarities in social as well as cultural factors between them, in addition to the differences in the average of rainfall.

   The study used several tools most importantly fieldwork method so as to achieve its goals. The questionnaire was analyzed by using the SPSS program and distributing it at a random sample consisting of (354) items representing the population of the study. Other methods were also used such as the comparative approach so as to compare and contrast results in the zones of the study.

  The study revealed the following important results: 

  There are no variations of significant statistical differences in the area of farmlands owned by individuals in both zones of North-East and North-West of Ramallah villages, whereas there are variations of significant statistical differences in the type of disintegration in the villages of the zone of the study. It also revealed that there are many social factors leading to the disintegration of farmland in the zone of the study which are: population increase, division of farmland (inheritance), confiscation of farmland. There are no variations of significant statistical differences in both areas of the study due to reasons leading to disintegration of farmland except that of land confiscation by the Israeli occupation which clearly appears in the eastern zone. There are also other effects resulting from the disintegration of farmland most importantly:

 Decline in the financial revenue of farmland in the villages of north-east and north-west of Ramallah. The percentages of those who confirmed this decline in both areas of the study reached 61.1%. This reveals that there are no variations between the two zones with regard to the negative financial revenue of farmland. There is a relationship between the type of disintegration of farmland and the change of using such lands. There is a relation between the geographical distribution of the lands owned by the individual and the change in using them. There is a relation between the increasing number of owners of farmland and the increasing number of differences between individuals in the zones of the study. Based on these findings, the researcher recommends: raising awareness and the necessity to keep the farmlands and giving special attention to farming. Changing the farmlands contracts from being a public finance to a registered farmland so as to reduce the problems resulting from dividing the farmlands in illegal ways such as conciliation that leads to more unjust distribution of these lands and deprivation of females from owning them. 



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