تأثير المناخ في زراعة وإنتاج التين في محافظة بابل - زينب علي عبد الحسين - رسالة ماجستير 2021م

 

تأثير المناخ في زراعة وإنتاج التين في محافظة بابل




رسالة تقدمت بها الطالبة

زينب علي عبد الحسين



إلى مجلس كلية التربية - أبن رشد للعلوم الإنسانية جامعة بغداد

 وهي جزء من متطلبات نيل شهادة ماجستير تربية 

في الجغرافية الطبيعية



بإشراف


الأستاذ الدكتور

سلام هاتف أحمد الجبوري



1442 هـ - 2021م




The Impact of the Climate on the Agriculture and Production of figs in the Province of Babylon



A Thesis submitted by:

Zainab Ali Abdul Hussein



To the Council of College of Education (Ibn Rushd) for Humanities/ It is part of the requirements of the Degree of /University of Baghdad Education in physical geography



Supervised by:

Prof. Dr. Salam Hatif Ahmed Al-Juboury



1442 A. H 2020 A. D





Abstract 

  This study is one of the geographical studies that investigates the field of identifying climate and addressed by identifying the problem of the study: (The Impact of Climate on the Agriculture and Production of Figs in the Province of Babylon), and the study relied on four climatic stations: (Baghdad, Karbala, Hilla, and Al-Hay), where the study addressed the impact of elements and climatic phenomena on the cultivation of Fig production (solar radiation, temperature, wind, relative humidity, rain, evaporation, dust storms, thunderstorms, frost, and fog), and for the duration (30) years between (1989-2018), also the agricultural data for the same period for the province of Babylon have been adopted. 

  The study showed a permanent water deficit during the fig growing season due to the low rainfall rates in some months of the growth season and the lack in others. It recorded the highest amount of deficit in the neighborhood station to reach (-1549.13) mm, while the lowest deficit in Karbala station was about (-1147.7) mm.

   The statistical analysis through the multiple linear regression methods also demonstrated a real effect on the production quantity of variables (normal temperature, atmospheric pressure, rising dust, brightness of solar, micro temperature , and dust storms) at Baghdad station with a strong correlation coefficient (0.754) and an interpretation factor of 57%. In other words, these variables are responsible for the change in production and the rest are due to other factors, and at Karbala station there are the variables: (evaporation, dust, dust, relative humidity, and atmospheric pressure) with a strong correlation coefficient (0.796) and an explanation factor of (63%), while the effect in Hilla station was for the variables: (brightness, evaporation, evaporation, Suspended dust, wind speed, minimum temperature, and thunderstorms with an average correlation factor (0.886) and an interpretation factor of (78%), while Al-Hay station had the strongest effect of variables (evaporation, wind speed, and stuck of dust) with a strong correlation factor (0.746) and an interpretation coefficient Reached (56%). In other words, these variables are responsible for the change in production and the rest are due to other factors.




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