U3F1ZWV6ZTIxMzgzNDc4MzQ4X0FjdGl2YXRpb24yNDIyNDUzMDg1MTg=

PLANNING AND URBAN DESIGN STANDARDS STUDENT EDITION - FREDERICK STEINER & KENT BUTLER

PLANNING AND URBAN 


DESIGN STANDARDS 

STUDENT EDITION


FREDERICK STEINER 

KENT BUTLER 

University of Texas at Austin 


AMERICAN PLANNING

ASSOCIATION 


EMINA SENDICH 

Graphics Editor

WILEY

JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC

2007







CONTENTS


Foreword viii

Preface ix

Acknowledgments x

Part 1

PLANS AND PLAN MAKING 1

PLAN MAKING 3

Plan Making 3

TYPES OF PLANS 6

Comprehensive Plans 6

Urban Design Plans 10

Regional Plans 14

Neighborhood Plans 16

Transportation Plans 18

Housing Plans 22

Economic Development Plans 25

Parks and Open-Space Plans 27

Critical and Sensitive Areas Plans 30

PARTICIPATION 32

Role of Participation 32

Stakeholder Identification 35

Surveys 37

Community Visioning 39

Charrettes 41

Public Meetings 43

Public Hearings 46

Computer-Based Public Participation 47

Part 2

ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING

AND MANAGEMENT 49

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW 51

Environmental Planning Considerations 51

AIR 53

Air Quality 53

Air Sheds 55

Heat Islands 57

WATER 59

Hydrologic Cycle 59

Watersheds 61

Aquifers 63

Rivers and Streams 65

Floodplains and Riparian Corridors 68

Wetlands 72

Beach and Dune Systems 74

Estuaries, Flats, and Marshes 77

LAND 79

Slope, Relief, and Aspect 79

Soils Classification and Mechanics 81

Habitat Patches, Corridors, and Matrix 83

Biodiversity Protection 85

HAZARDS 87

Flood Hazards 87

Erosion and Sedimentation 90

Hurricanes and Coastal Storms 93

Landslides 95

Sinkholes and Subsidence 98

Earthquakes 100

Wildfires 103

Hazardous Materials 105

Tsunamis and Seiches 108

Noise and Vibration 110

Part 3

STRUCTURES 117

BUILDING TYPES 119

Residential Types 119

Single-Family Detached 123

Single-Family Attached 124

Multifamily Low-Rise 125

Multifamily Mid-Rise 126

Multifamily High-Rise 127

Manufactured Housing 128

Office Buildings 130

Elementary, Middle, and High Schools 134

Medical Facilities 138

TRANSPORTATION 143

Sidewalks 143

Hierarchy of Streets and Roads 150

Street Networks and Street Connectivity 153

Vehicle Turning Radii 157

Traffic Calming 159

Pedestrian-Friendly Streets 163

Parking Lot Design 166

On-Street Bikeways 170

Multiuser Trails 172

Transit Systems 176

UTILITIES 182

Waste Management 182

Wastewater 184

Stormwater Runoff and Recharge 186

Water Supply 190

Wireless Infrastructure Overview 192

PARKS AND OPEN SPACE 194

Types of Parks 194

Greenways and Trails 200

Conservation Areas 204

Playgrounds 207

FARMING AND FORESTRY 212

Farms 212

Feedlots 215

Forestry 217

Part 4

PLACES AND PLACEMAKING 221

REGIONS 223

Regions 223

PLACES AND DISTRICTS 227

Neighborhoods 227

Neighborhood Centers 230

Historic Districts 233

Waterfronts 237

Arts Districts 242

Industrial Parks 244

Office Parks 246

Main Streets 248

DEVELOPMENT TYPES 251

Mixed-Use Development 251

Transit-Oriented Development 254

Conservation Development 257

Infill Development 260

DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS 262

Environmental Site Analysis 262

Urban Analysis 265

Scale and Density 270

Safety 274

Walkability 280

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design—LEED 283

Streetscape 286

Part 5

ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES 297

PROJECTIONS AND DEMAND

ANALYSIS 299

Population Projections 299

Economic Base and Econometric Projections 303

Housing Needs Assessment 305

Parks, Recreation, and Open-Space Needs Assessment 308

IMPACT ASSESSMENT 310

Environmental Impact Assessment 310

Fiscal Impact Assessment 314

Traffic Impact Studies 317

MAPPING 320

Mapping Data Overview 320

Aerial Photographs and Digital Orthophoto Quadrangles 322

U.S. Geological Survey Topographic Maps 323

Property Maps in Modern Cadastres 328

Census Data and Demographic Mapping 329

Remote Sensing and Satellite Image Classification 331

Geographic Information Systems 333

VISUALIZATION 336

Visualization Overview 336

Montage Visualization 338

Three-Dimensional Visualization 340

Visual Preference Techniques 342

Part 6

IMPLEMENTATION TECHNIQUES 345

LEGAL FOUNDATIONS 347

Planning Law Overview 347

Property Rights, Police Power, Nuisance, and Vested Rights 348

Due Process and Equal Protection 350

Freedom of Religion and Expression 352

Eminent Domain,Takings, and Exactions 355

Federal Legislation 358

State Enabling Legislation 362

Zoning Regulation 364

Subdivision Regulation 368

Planned Unit Development 370

Innovations in Local Zoning Regulations 372

Sign Regulation 375

GROWTH MANAGEMENT 377

Adequate Public Facilities and Concurrency Management 377

Urban Growth Areas 379

Development Impact Fees 382

Transfer and Purchase of Development Rights 383

PRESERVATION, CONSERVATION, AND REUSE 384

Open-Space Preservation Techniques 384

Farmland Preservation 386

Land Evaluation and Site Assessment 389

Viewshed Protection 390

Historic Structures 395

Brownfields 399

ECONOMIC AND REAL ESTATE

DEVELOPMENT 401

Capital Improvement Programs 401

Tax Increment Financing 403

Financing Methods and Techniques 406

Financial Planning and Analysis:The Pro Forma 409

Resources 415

Planning Resources 429

Graphic Symbols and Drawing Annotations 430

Index 431
 Text 


download

Click  here   Or   here   Or   here


Read and download    Click here


الاسمبريد إلكترونيرسالة