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ماجستير : واقع الاستثمار الصناعي واتجاهاته المكانية في محافظة المثنى: دراسة في جغرافية الصناعة

واقع الاستثمار الصناعي واتجاهاته المكانية

 في محافظة المثنى

دراسة في جغرافية الصناعة 

رسالة تقدمت بها الطالبة

آمنه رزاق عبيد الزيادي

إلى مجلس كلية التربية للعلوم الإنسانية / جامعة المثنى

وهي جزء من متطلبات نيل درجة الماجستير آداب

في الجغرافيا


الأستاذ المساعد الدكتور 

رحمن رباط حسين الايدامي 

الأستاذ الدكتور 

عدنان كاظم جبار الشيباني

1440هـ - 2019م


Due to the great importance of industrial investment as it represents the tool that works to collect different factors of production and then find industries that contribute to satisfying the needs of different human by converting raw materials to more useful and longer life products.

  This study highlights the geographical capabilities of Al-Muthanna Governorate and investigates its role in finding various industrial investments. The area under study has many natural geographical capabilities such as the location near the governorates of the Euphrates and the south of the country. In addition, it has a large area (51740 km 2) which distributed in (4) districts (Al-Samawah, Al-Rumaitha, Al-Khidr and Al-Salman). The human capabilities such as the large population which reached (806368) people for the year 2016 and it grows continually, in addition to the availability of large and varied economic capabilities which were a clear reflection of the natural and human capabilities (variable raw materials , labor, markets and transport routes etc.). The industrial investment in the governorate of Al-Muthanna several problems related with some raw materials, labor , fuel, energy and production etc.

  The study has followed the regional approach i.e. the study of the governorate as a unit in its own regardless the surrounding areas, and the inductive method through which field studies were conducted, statistical method (weighted weights)was also used to determine the spatial trends of industrial investment in Al-Muthanna Governorate, depending on twelve variables. Based on the above, the study has reached a number of conclusions: foremost of which was that Al-Muthanna Governorate has primary resources and human capacities to enable it to carry out various industrial investments which enable it to establish an industrial base that will be the basis for what follows. The study also showed the results of analyzing the relationship between the geographical capabilities of industrial investment and the suggested Spatial trends : 

1- Al-Samawah City came first, after collecting (49.4%) of the differential degrees. This indicates the availability of good capabilities of raw materials and infrastructure to establish and invest these industries. 

2- Al-Rumaitha City came in the second place with 24.8%. It was ranked first with raw materials and plant waste, and the second in the infrastructure that helps it to do many of these industries. 

3- Al-Khidr was in the third rank of the total available resources (15.8%) of the differentiation degrees, and therefore can be used in industrial investment. 

4- Al-Salman city came in fourth place with (10%) of the total capabilities for manufacturing branches in the Governorate of Al-Muthanna. 

 A set of recommendations in accordance with the subject of the study : 

1- After the collection of the city of Samawah (49.4%) of the differentiation degrees, we recommend the establishment of food, textile and metal industries. 

2- Al-Rumaitha city has collected (24.8%) of the total available resources in Al-Muthanna Governorate, so we propose the establishment of wood industries, paper and printing industry and non-classified industries. 

3- Al-Khidr City has Collected (15.8%) of the geographical available capabilities, so we propose the establishment of textile and food industries. 

4- Establishment of chemical and construction industries in the City of Al-Salman, for obtaining the first place of mineral resources, which is the raw material for these industries.

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