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التحليل المكاني لواقع ظاهرة السكن العشوائي في مدينة الكوفة

التحليل المكاني لواقع ظاهرة السكن العشوائي في مدينة الكوفة

رسالة قدمها

حيدر عطية عبد ناصر القرعاوي

إلى مجلس كلية الآداب - جامعة الكوفة 

وهي من متطلبات درجة الماجستير في الجغرافية

بإشراف

الأستاذ الدكتور 

عبد الصاحب ناجي البغدادي مجيد 

الأستاذ الدكتور

حميد شهاب البدري


1435 هـ - 2014م








The Spatial Analysis of Random

Residence phenomenon Reality

in Al-Kufa City


A Thesis


Submitted By

Hayder Atiya Abd Nasir Al-Garaawi

To the Council of the Faculty of Arts

/University of Kufa

As a Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Master Degree in Geography

Supervised by

Prof. Dr. Abdul Sahib Naji Al-Baghdadi

Prof. Dr. Majeed Hameed Shihab Al-Badri

2014 A.D. 1435A.H




Abstract

   The importance of the study lies in that it tackled a real life phenomena which is considered one of the most effective problems on the urban structure. Most of the developing countries has the problem of random residential units and all its negative effects on the main services and basic infrastructure as well as on the planning sector and the land use in the cities. From this point, the study began tackling this problem within its four chapters. The first chapter comprised the theoretical and conceptual aspect of the subject. The second chapter concentrated on the issue of random residence in the city, it included the main geographical factors that affects the spread of the phenomena and its geographical distribution. The third chapter concentrated on the spatial patterns of random the reside, it analyzed the constructional, social and economic patterns of the random units. As for the fourth chapter, it discussed the main negative effects of the phenomena in the city as well as suggestions for dealing with the issue. To achieve the aims of the study, the researcher depended on gathering the data and information by adopting field study.

  The researcher distributed a questionnaire on a sample of the study society as a main tool for gathering data and applying them in the field as well the available library resources. The study also adopted several variables to reveal the size of the phenomena and its constructional, social and economic patterns. The study reached several results, of which is:

   The phenomena is not the result of the current circumstances, but it rather has a historical dimension in the city, as this issue is found since the establishment of the city in the year 17A.H.

  The other reasons for such phenomena in Al-Kufa was a result of the suitability of the natural characteristics for the location of the city as well as the religious importance which attracted immigrants and led to the establishment of the random residential units, adding to that the growth of the population, the increase in immigration, the lack of the residential account and the unorganized area expansion of the city. The researcher also revealed that the constructional, economic and social patterns of the randoms in Al-Kufa does not differ a lot from what is already found in the city, because the most of its residence are from the city itself or from the nearby areas. The study also proved the possibility of tackling the problem of randoms in the city through using some of the methods like the full and partial destruction of the units and developing method.




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