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صناعة الورق في تونس دراسة حالة تطبيقية في جغرافية الصناعة

 صناعة الورق في تونس

دراسة حالة تطبيقية في جغرافية الصناعة

 جغرافية الصناعة


رسالة تقدم بھا الطالب
رضوان بن محمد عیادي

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مجلس كلية التربية- ابن رشد / جامعة بغداد
وهي جزء من متطلبات درجة الماجستير
آداب في الجغرافية


إشراف

الأستاذ المساعد الدكتور

محمد یوسف حاجم الھیتي


١٤٢٣ ھ  بغداد  ٢٠٠٣ م










PAPER INDUSTRIALIZATION IN

THE REPUBLIC OF TUNES

( APPLICATION STUDY IN AL- QASRIN )


ATHESIS


TO THE

COUNCIL OF THE EDUCATION COLLEGE (IBN–RUSHD)

UNIVERSITY OF BAGDAD AS FULLMENT OF THE

REQUIREMENT FOR THE DEGREE OF M.A DEGREE IN

GEOGRAPHICAL ARTS .


SUPERVISED BY

PROF . DR. 

MOHAMMED YOUSSEF EL - HITI

2003 1424



Abstract 


   This study summerizes in the attempt of dicovering the fact of industriaing paper in the Republic of Tunisia through the study of state for the mational company for the national company for paste of alfa and paper which located in the middil east form the state in an area and cover from alfa more than ( 45 % ) from the total area of alfa in the whole Republic . 

  And to spotted the light on the study the researcher divided this study to four chapters the first chapter handied three topics the first topic include the theoratical frame for the study while the second topic specialized with the most terms diffintions which entered through industrializing paper and past and it’s derivatives and it had been going through the technology of industrializing paste paper in the third topic .

   The research concluded through this chapter that the first material specified the kind of paper and way to use it and kind of factories which eused it .

   The second chapter concern with producing and consuming the paper and the paste in the world and in the Arab home where the researcher conciude thqt big industrial states which have high technology are still controlling on the production of paper and paste and keep the highest percent from consuming from paper ( 50.4 Kgm) for the sigle person while the American consuming is ( 336.5 Kgm ) and the Hapanese ( 237.1 Kgm ) while the Arabian ( 16.4Kgm ) for the person and it is very far from th world rate . also the researcher concluded that some Arab countries only producing the paste of the paper while the other depended on importing it .

  The paste that is not from wood represent more than ( 95 % ) from Arab home land production from the paste except Morocco which depend on the paste of wood and in amounts that is not enough for the need . 

  The third chapter handled industrializing paper and it’s economic importance in the Republic of Tunisia which comsider one of the oldest from the Arab countries in the filed but it still depended on one big industrial composition which couldn’t serve the needs of the state considering the old instruments and the slowly process of entering the technology to the industry of paper and paste also the reducing the areas and amounts of alfa which included in the careless ness although there are attempts to keep it and renew it’s area .

   The fourth chapter the researcher handled the study of the reality of the national company for alfa and paper through dividing the chapter into four topics the first topic handled the natural and human gifts for AL – Qasern orate where he conclude that the nature of the surface and climate give alfa plant a chance to spread especially it is one of the phenomenon in semi dry areas also the people of the country side of the governorate became a process of alfa harvest repesent to them a habit and a chance for increasing the salary until the growing of wheat and barley and the rest of growing trees . the second topic specialized in identifying the national company for alfa paste and paper and it’s sections and it’s industrial activities in it.the third topic concern in studying the principles of industrializing the environmental effect for paper and paste factory on the city of Al –Qasrin the researcher conclude that it is mecessary of finding a fundamental solution to remve the effect of pollution from the city that resulted from this industry through renew the machines of the changing the location of the factory . and this is the last of hard matters and impossible at the persent time only that the researcher consider it the perfect for protecting the city and it’s people .

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