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The Geography of Transport Systems ، Jean-Paul Rodrigue

The Geography of 

Transport Systems



Jean-Paul Rodrigue

with Claude Comtois and Brian Slack 


Third edition


published 2013 by Routledge




First edition published 2006 by Routledge
Second edition published 2009 by Routledge
Third edition published 2013 by Routledge
2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN
Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada
by Routledge
711 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017
Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business
© 2006, 2009, 2013 Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Claude Comtois and Brian Slack


Contents

List of photographs ix
List of ¿ gures x
List of contributors xiii
Preface xiv

Chapter 1 Transportation and geography 1
CONCEPTS: 1 What is transport geography? 1
2 Transportation and space 9
3 Transportation and commercial geography 17
4 The geography of transportation networks 22
CASE STUDY: Strategic maritime passages 30

Chapter 2 Transportation and the spatial structure 42
CONCEPTS: 1 Historical geography of transportation:
the emergence of mechanized systems 42
2 Historical geography of transportation: the setting of
global systems 58
3 Transport and spatial organization 65
4 Transport and location 72
5 Future transportation 77
CASE STUDY: High speed rail systems 83

Chapter 3 Transportation modes 89
CONCEPTS: 1 A diversity of modes 89
2 Intermodal transportation 110
3 Passengers and freight: complementarity and competition 120
CASE STUDY: Information technologies and mobility 122

Chapter 4 Transportation terminals 127
CONCEPTS: 1 The function of transport terminals 127
2 The location of terminals 134
3 Transport terminal governance 149
CASE STUDY: Inland ports 152

Chapter 5 International trade and freight distribution 158
CONCEPTS: 1 Transportation, globalization and
international trade 158
2 Commodity chains and freight transportation 166
Contents
3 Logistics and freight distribution 173
CASE STUDY: Commodity chain analysis: the cold chain 183

Chapter 6 Urban transportation 188
CONCEPTS: 1 Transportation and the urban form 188
2 Urban land use and transportation 198
3 Urban mobility 206
4 Urban transport problems 212
CASE STUDY: City logistics 219

Chapter 7 Transportation and the economy 226
CONCEPTS: 1 Transportation and economic development 226
2 Transport costs 236
3 Transport supply and demand 243
CASE STUDY: The cruise industry 249

Chapter 8 Transport, energy and environment 255
CONCEPTS: 1 The environmental impacts of transportation 255
2 Transportation and energy 261
3 Transport and sustainability 269
CASE STUDY: Green logistics 274

Chapter 9 Transport planning and policy 280
CONCEPTS: 1 The nature of transport policy 280
2 Transport planning 285
3 Transport safety and security 291
4 Transportation and disasters 294
CASE STUDY: Transportation and pandemics 299

Chapter 10 Methods in transport geography 304
METHODS: 1 Methods in transport geography 304
2 Graph theory: de¿ nition and properties 307
3 Graph theory: measures and indices 312
4 Geographic Information Systems for Transportation (GIS-T) 317
5 The notion of accessibility 322
6 Network data models 328
7 Transport technical and economic performance indicators 333
8 The Gini coef¿ cient 337
9 Spatial interactions and the gravity model 340
10 Market area analysis 345
11 The policy process 351

Conclusion: Issues and challenges in transport geography 356
Glossary 364


Index 396

    The Geography of Transport Systems Mobility is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing or supplying energy. Each movement has an origin, a potential set of intermediate locations, a destination and a nature which is linked with geographical attributes. Transport systems composed of infrastructures, modes and terminals are so embedded in the socio- economic life of individuals, institutions and corporations that they are often invisible to the consumer. This is paradoxical as the perceived invisibility of transportation is derived from its ef¿ ciency. Understanding how mobility is linked with geo graphy is the main purpose of this book.

   The third edition of The Geography of Transport Systems has been revised and updated to provide an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation. This text provides more content related to security, energy and environmental issues, as well as new and updated case studies, a revised content structure and new ¿ gures. Each chapter covers a speci¿ c conceptual dimension including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts. A ¿ nal chapter contains core methodologies linked with transport geography such as accessibility, spatial interactions, graph theory and Geographic Information Systems for Transportation (GIS-T). 
  This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the ¿ eld, with a broad overview of its concepts, methods and areas of application. The accompanying website for this text contains useful additional material, including digital maps, PowerPoint slides, databases and links to further reading and websites. The website can be accessed at: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans. This text is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interested in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering. 

  This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the ¿ eld, with a broad overview of its concepts, methods and areas of application. The accompanying website for this text contains useful additional material, including digital maps, PowerPoint slides, databases and links to further reading and websites. The website can be accessed at: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans. This text is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interested in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering. 

   Claude Comtois is Professor of Geography at the University of Montreal, Canada, and is af¿ liated with the Research Centre on Enterprise Networks, Logistics and Transportation at the same institution. 

  Brian Slack is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. 


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