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الاستهلاك الأسبوعي من المواد الغذائية للأسرة في مدينة البصرة وآثاره الصحية _ دراسة في الجغرافية الصحية

الاستهلاك الأسبوعي من المواد الغذائية للأسرة

في مدينة البصرة وآثاره الصحية

دراسة في الجغرافية الصحية 



رسالة تقدم بها الطالب

 صباح صكبان سعدون 


إلى مجلس كلية الآداب - جامعة البصرة 
وهي جزء من متطلبات نيل درجة ماجستير آداب
في الجغرافية


بإشراف

الأستاذ الدكتور

داود جاسم الربيعي


1437هـ - 2015م








Weekly Consumption Of Food Stuff And Its Healthy Effects On The Family In Basrah City : A Study In Healthy Geography

A Thesis
Submitted to the council of the college of Arts in
Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the
Degree of Master of Arts in geography

By
SABAH SAGBAN SAADOON

Supervised by

Professor. Dawood Jasim Al-rubaiay, ph.D.

1437 A.H - 2015 A.D



Abstract

 The study aims at shedding the light, from geographic analytical viewpoint, on the weekly consumption of foodstuffs of family and its relevant impacts in Basrah. That's because the relation between food and health is among the crucial matters that became the concern of many researchers from various scientific and humanitarian disciplines. The said matter even exceeds that stage to reach the international concern level, as food security is a highly sensitive issue determining the existence of people and countries. Thus, it can be seen how nutrition forms a major basis to the health of society individuals and to maintain their lives and safety. Decrease or decrease of necessary nutrition makes people subject to diseases. The proper nutrition is the most important factor to achieve health and safety at all age groups, from childhood to old age stages. The problem of the study lies within the divergence of quality and quantity of foodstuffs weekly consumed by family in Basrah.

  The compliance with nutrition requirements of family members has the most priority of fundamentals taken into consideration at planning for the preparation of food and meals. Therefore, those in charge of the selection and preparation of food should have a concept of nutrition requirements of family members in accordance with age groups being planned for. That requires food options selected to be properly built on accurate scientific bases and fundamental.

  The current study accredits certain geographic approaches, starting from the field approach standing upon detecting a phenomenon and furtherly exploring it by means of personal interview with families, filling a questionnaire form prepared in advance; then applying the descriptive approach to give a comprehensive accurate description of that phenomenon by form of numbers. After that comes the analytical approach according to the study sample representing 2% of families at each district included within the study area. The study covers 770 families (6043 members). They answered the questionnaire questions concerning weekly consumption of foodstuffs with reference to accredited qualities and quantities, their impacts on weekly consumption, as well as the relation to some diseases caused by weekly foodstuffs consumption.

  The study consists of four chapters; the first of which deals with the theoretical and conception frame. This first chapter includes two sections; the first of which is the theoretical frame while the second is the study conceptions. The second chapter deals with some demographic, economic, social, and residential characteristics of family. Then comes the third chapter covering food consumption and weekly meals consumed by family. The fourth chapter concerns with health impacts caused by food consumption. Later, the study ends at certain suggestions and recommendations.

Among the most important  conclusions reached by the course of study are:

1– The existence of divergence on the level of residential districts of Basra in terms of weekly consumption of foodstuffs, as it is shown how there is clear divergence in quality and quantity, leading to some pathological cases caused by such family consumption. 

2– The economic factor is among the most influential factors to family foodstuff consumption according to residential districts, as firm connection ties disclosed. 

3– Social and residential factors have direct and indirect impacts to family foodstuff consumption, like educational level, family size, income, and habitation type. 

4– The decreased nutrition knowledge of many families located within the study area. 

5– The existence of spatial divergences at malnutrition diseases cases in connection to family foodstuff consumption at the study area.

 The study recommends the following: 

1- The conduct of a scientific study at various levels and abilities with a governmental support to explore nutrition status of Iraqi population, for the disclosure of nutrition needs of population, and examining the diseases caused by foodstuffs consumption, as well as the way to treat such diseases. 

2- Accreditation of nutritional and health cultural knowledge at study curricula for all age groups, starting by early children education, primary schools, and reaching to Iraqi universities, to educate people on the importance of nutrition information and their connection to human health. 

3- Reinforcing governmental efforts to take care with sensitive social groups (children, teenagers, pregnant women, breast-feeding women, and old agers) for their intense vulnerability to family nutrition status, by means of providing necessary health care. 

4- The necessity of holding training courses to educate housewives about nutrition importance, as administered by governmental foundations and civil society organizations interested in the field of woman. Such courses may be held according to different age groups to educate women the proper ways in healthy cooking and the choice of notorious and useful food rich by notorious elements. 

5- Graduation of cadres specialized in the field of nutrition through the opening of institutes and colleges to study the healthy nutrition


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