The use of geographical information systems in climatology and meteorology

كوكب الجغرافيا أغسطس 13, 2019 أغسطس 13, 2019
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The use of geographical information systems in

climatology and meteorology 

Lee Chapman and John E. Thornes Climate and Atmospheric Research Group, School of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK 


  The proliferation of 'commercial off the shelf' geographical information systems into the scientific community has resulted in the widespread use of spatial climate data in a variety of applications. This paper presents a review of the role of geographical information systems in climatology and meteorology by i) discussing methods used to derive and refine spatial climate data and ii) reviewing the bespoke application of GIS and spatial climate datasets in agriculture, ecology, forestry, health and disease, weather forecasting, hydrology, transport, urban environments, energy and climate change.

Key Words: geographical information system, climatology, meteorology, weather forecasting, digital terrain model, bespoke system


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